Foaling Kit & Checklist
by Annamaria Tadlock

When our first foal was due, I searched online for information on foaling kits and preparation for foaling. I found a few articles and lists, but nothing complete. Many of the lists didn't tell you what the items were for. Many of the articles didn't have achecklist. So, I decided to research it and write my own "foaling kit & checkist".


All the items below can be put into a clean, secure plastic container and left in your foaling barn. A large bucket makes a nice holder for the foaling kit and is easy to carry.

Flashlight & Batteries Many mares foal at night or early in the morning, so keep these on hand to provide light.
Plastic Bag To put placenta in. Placenta should be examined to make sure that there are no holes, tears, or pieces missing (which would mean that a piece could still be in the mare and could lead to infection).
String To tie off umbilical cord if it doesn’t break. Or tie up placenta if mare does not drop it right away (tie it to itself to prevent the mare from stepping on and pulling it out)
Scissors To cut string, or tough sac around foal, or to cut string or suture material to tie off cord.
Iodine 7% and film canister
To dip foal’s umbilical stump - pour iodine in clean film canister & dip foal's umbilical stup in it. This will help prevent infection. Betadine can also be used.
Mild soap & warm water or Betadine To wash mare (vulva, udders) prior to foaling. This will help prevent infection.
Dry washclothes and towels . To grasp foal to pull if needed, clean foal and mare if needed.
Frozen colostrum To give foal if mare does not produce colostrum.
Plastic Gloves To keep hands clean
Vetrap To wrap mare's tail prior to foaling.
Notepad & pencils
To record time, mare’s behavior, how foaling goes
Two Enemas In case foal does not pass meconium (first poop). Consult a vet before administering, as it is easy to cause a perforation of the bowel which can kill a foal.
Vaseline To lubricate hands if necessary to reposition foal
If mare rejects or attacks foal
Halter & lead ropes (including stud chain) To move, tie, or restrain mare if necessary
Clean bucket
To rinse hands, foal, mare
Watch To keep track of time
Paper towels
To clean yourself, mare, foal, etc.
Cordless or Cell phone To call your vet in case of a problem without having to leave your mare.

When the foal is born:
Make sure the foal's nostrils are clear so it can breathe. If needed, you can dry the foal with a towel (most mares will clean their foals). Treat foal's umbilical stump with iodine for the first several days to prevent infection.

Normal Foals will:

Get up within an hour
Nurse within 2-4 hours (they must nurse within 24)
Pass meconium (first poop) by 6 hours

Mare care:
Clean mare/wrap tail before foaling
After foaling, she should stand within 30 minutes
Placenta should be dropped within about 3 hours
Tie up placenta if it is not dropped right away so it is not stepped on and pulled out (tie it to itself)

Do not pull placenta out, as it can rip and remain in mare (causing infection).



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