Equine World Records


World record jump

World's Smallest Horse

World's Largest Horses

 

 

I typed these facts out from the 1998 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records.

HORSES

Largest Horse
The tallest documented horse was a shire gelding named Samson. He was 21.2 1/2 hands tall, and weighed 3,360 pounds. He was bred by Thomas Cleaver of Toddington Mills, England, and was foaled in 1846.

Largest Mules
Apollo and Anak (foaled 1977 and 1976, respectively) are the largest recorded mules. Apollo measured 19.1 hands, and weighted 2,200 pounds, and Anak stands 18.3 hands and 2,100 pounds. Both are owned by Herbert L. Mueller of Columbia, ILL, and were by mammoth jacks and Belgian mares. As of 1998 they were both living.

Smallest Horse
Little Pumpkin is the smallest known horse. He stood only 14 inches tall and weighted only 20 pounds on Nov. 30, 1975. He was foaled in April 15, 1973 and was owned by J.C. Williams Jr. of Della Terra Mini Horse Farm, Inman, SC.

Oldest Horse
The oldest horse reliably recorded was Old Billy. He lived to be 62 years old. He was foaled in 1760 and died in 1822. He was bred by Edward Robinson of Woolston, England.

Oldest Pony
The oldest pony reliably recorded was named Teddy E. Bear, and lived to be 55. He was owned by Kathy Pennington of Virginia Beach, VA. He was still alive as of 1998.

Equestrian Events: Horse Racing

Triple Crown

Most Wins (trainer)
The record for the most wins is two, achieved by two different trainers: J.E. Fitzsimmons, 1930 and 1935; and Ben A. Jones, 1941 and 1948.

Most Wins (jockey)
Eddie Arcaro has won the Triple Crown twice, riding Whirlaway in 1941 and Citation in 1948.

Kentucy Derby

Most Wins (jockey)
The record for the most wins is five, by two jockeys: Eddie Arcaro, 1938, 1941, 1945, 1948, 1952; and Bill Hartack, 1957, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1969.

Most Wins (trainer)
Ben Jones trained six Kentucy Derby winners, in 1936, 1941, 1944, 1948, 1949, 1952.

Fastest Time
The fastest recorded time for the Kentucy Derby is 1min, 59 2/5 seconds, acheived by Secratariet in 1973. Largest Field
A record 23 horses competed in the Kentucy Derby in 1974.

Preakness Stakes

Most Wins (jockey)
Eddie Arcaro won a record six wins in 1941, 1948, 1950-51, 1951, and 1957.

Most Wins (trainer)
A record for the most wins by a trainer is seven, by Robert Wyndham Walden in 1875, 1878-82, and 1888.

Fastest Time
The record for the fastes time in a Preakness Stakes race is 1 min, 53 2/5 sec., achieved by two horses: Tank's Prospect, 1985; and Louis Quatorze, 1996.

Largest Field
A record 18 horses participated in the Preakness Stakes in 1928.

Belmont Stakes

Most wins (jockey)
The most wins is six, by two jockeys: Jim McLaughlin, 1882-84, 1886-88; and Eddi Arcaro, 1941-42, 1945, 1948, 1952, 1955. Most Wins (trainer)
Trainer James Rowe Sr. holds the mark for the most wins at eight, in 1883-84, 1901, 1904, 1907-08, 1910, 1913.

Fastest Time
The fastes time recorded at the Belmont Stakes is 2 min 24 sec., by Secratariat in 1973.

Largest Field
A record 15 horses participated in the Belmont Stakes in 1983.

Breeder's Cup Series

Most Series wins (horse)
Three horses have won two Breeder's Cup races: Bayakoa, which won the Distaff, in 1989 and 1990; Miesque, which won the Mile, in 1987 and 1988; and Lure, which won the Mile in 1992 and 1993.

Most Series wins (jockey)
Two jockeys have ridden seven winners in the Breeder's Cup Championship: Laffit Pincay Jr., Juvenile (1985, 1986, 1988), Classic (1986), Distaff (1989, 1990), Juvenile Fillies (1993); and Eddie Delahoussaye, Distaff (1984, 1993), Turf (1989), Juvenile Fillies (1991), Sprint (1992, 1993).

Highest Earnings (horse)
Alysheba has won a record $2,133,000 in Breeder's Cup races, from three starts, 1986-88.

Highest Earnings (jockey)
Pat Day has won a record $13,503,000 in Breeder's Cup racing, 1984-96.

Highest Earnings (trainer)
D. Wayne Lukas holds the mark for the highest earnings at $12,456,000, 1984-1996.

Breeder's Cup Classic

Most Wins (jockey)
Jerry Bailey has won the Classic three times: 1991, 1993, and 1995.

Jockeys

Most wins, career (men)
Bill Shoemaker rode 8,833 winners from 40,350 mounts. "The Shoe" made his debut aboard Waxahachie on March 19, 1949, and reaced for the last time on Patchy Groundfog on Feb. 3, 1990. His first victorcy came on April 20, 1949 aboard Shafter V, his last on January 20, 1990 aboard Beau Genius at Gulfstream Park, Fl.

Most wins, career (women)
Julie Krone has won 3,158 races from 1980 through 1996.

Most wins, season (men)
Kent Desormeaux rode 598 winners, from 2,312 mounts in 1989.

Most wins, season (women)
Gwen Jocson rode 376 winners, from 2,007 mounts in 1991.

Most wins (single day)
The mose winners ridden in one day is 9, by Chris Antly on Oct. 31, 1987. Antly rode four winners in the afternoon at Aqueduct, NY, and five in the evening at The Meadowlands, NJ.

Most Wins (one card)
The most winners ridden in one card is eight, achieved by four jockeys: Hubert Jones, from 13 rides in Caliente, CA, June 11, 1944; Dave Gall, from 10 rides, at Cahokie Downs, East St. Louis, IL, Oct. 18, 1978; Robert Williams, from 10 rides, in Lincoln, NE, Sept. 19, 1984; and Pat Day, from nine rides, in Arlington, IL, Sept. 13, 1989.

Consecutive Wins
The longest winning streak by a jockey is nine races, by two jockeys: Albert Adams won nine races at Marlboro Racetrack, MD, over 3 days, Sept. 10-12, 1930. He won the last two races on Sept. 12. Tony Black won nine races on July 30-31, 1993. He won three races at Atlantic City Racecourse on July 30, two at Philadelphia Park on July 31, and four at Atlantic City on July 31.

Highest earnings, career (men)
Laffit Pincay Jr. has won a record $190,538,811 from 1964 through the end of 1996.

Highest earnings career (women)
Julie Krone has won a record $70,560,436 from 1980 through the end of 1996.

Highest earnings, season (men)
The greatest prize money earned in a season is $19,456,376, by Jerry Bailey in 1996.

Highest earning, season (women)
The greates prize money earned in a season is $9,220,824, by Julie Krone in 1992.

Horses

Most wins, career
The most wins is 89, by Kingston, from 138 starts, 1986-94.

Most wins (graded stakes races)
John Henry won 25 graded stakes races, including 16 Grande I races, 1974-84. Most wins, year
Lenoxbar won 46 races in one year, 1940, in Puerto Rico from 56 starts.

Most consecutive wins
Camarero, foaled in 1951, was undefeated in 56 races in Puerto Rico from April 19, 1953 to his first defeat on August 1, 1955 (in his career to 1956, he won 73 of 77 races).

Highest earnings, career
The career record for earnings is $9,999,815, by Cigar, 1992-96. Cigar's career record wa 19 wins, four seconds, and five thirds from 33 races.

Highest earnings, race
The one-race earnings record is 2.6 million by Spend A Buck for the Jersey Derby, Garden State Park, NJ, on May 27, 1985.

Trainers

Most wins, career
The career record is 6,362, by Dale Baird (U.S.), 1962-1993.

Most wins, year
Jack Charles Van Berg (U.S.), had a record 496 wins in 1976.

Highest earnings, career
D. Wayne Lukas has won $140,024,750 in his career.

Highest earnings, year
The greatest amount won in a year is $17,842,358, by D. Wayne Lukas (U.S.) in 1988.

Big Plays

Oldest Thoroughbred
The greatest age recorded for a Thoroughbred racehorse is 42 years, in the case of the chestnut geldinhg Tango Duke (foaled 1935), owned by Carmen J. Koper of Barongarook, Victoria, Australia. The horse died on January 25, 1978. Oldest winner (horse)
The oldest winning horses are 18-year-old Revenge at Shrewsbury, England 1790; Marksman at Ashford, Kent, England, 1826; and Jorrocks at Bathurst, Australia, 1851. At the same age, Wild Aster won three hurdle races in 1919, and Sonny Somers won two steeplechases in February 1980.

Fastes Horse
Big Racked reached 43.26 mph in a 1/4 mile race in Mexico City, Mexico on Feb. 5, 1945. Onion Roll reached the same speed at Thistledown, Cleveland, OH on Sept. 27, 1993. A record for 1 1/2 miles is 37.82 mph, made by 3 yr old Hawkster (carrying 121 pounds) at Santa Anita Park, Arcadia, CA on Oct. 14, 1989, with 2 min. 22.8 sec.

Biggest payout
Anthony A. Speelman and Nicholas John Cowan (both Great Britain) won $1,627,084.40 after federal income tax of $406,768.00 was withheld, on a $64 9-horse accumulator at Santa Anita Racetrack, Arcadia, CA on April 19, 1987. Their first seven selections won, and the payout for a jackpot accumulated over 24 days.

Highest purse, race
the largest single race purse is $4 million including a record first prize of $2.4 million for the Dubai World Cup; won by Cigar on March 27, 1996 and Signspiel on April 3, 1997.

Equestrian Events: Show Jumping

Olympic Games

Most gold medals (rider)
Hans-Gunther Winkler (West Germany) has won five titles, 1956, 1960, 1964, and 1972 in the team competition, and the individual championship in 1956. The only rider to win two individual titles is Pierre d'Oriola (France), in 1952 and 1964.

Most gold medals (horse)
The most successful horse is Halla, ridden by Hans-Gunther Winkler during his individual and team wins in 1956, and during the team win in 1960.

Most medals (rider)
Hans-Gunther Winkler has won a record seven medals: five gold (see above), one silver, and one bronz in the team competition in 1976 and 1968.

World Championships

Most titles
Two riders share the record for the most men's championships with two victories: Hans-Gunther Winkler (West Gemany), 1954-55, and Raimondo d'Inzeo (Italy), 1956 and 1960. The women's title was won twice by Janou Tissot (nee Lefebvre) of France, in 1970 and 1974. No rider has won the integrated competition more than once.

Big Plays

Highest jump
The record for the highest jump is 8 ft. 1 1/4 in., by Huaso, ridden by Capt. Alberto Larraguibel Morales (Chile) at Vina del Mar, Santiago, Chile on Feb. 5, 1949.


Longest Jump
The record for the longest jump over water is 27 ft., 6 3/4 in., by Something, ridden by Andre Ferreira (South Africa) in Johannesburg, South Africa on April 25, 1975.

Equestrian Events: Three-Day Eventing

Olympic Games

Most gold medals (rider)
Charles Pahud de Mortanges (Netherlands) has won four gold medals- the individual title in 1928 and 1932, and the team event 1924 and 1928. Mark Todd (New Zealand) is the only other rider to have won the individual title twice, in 1984 and 1988.

Most gold medals (horse)
Marcroix was ridden by Charles Pahud de Mortanges in three of his four medal rounds, 1928-32.

Most medals (rider)
Charles Pahud de Mortanges has won five medals: four gold (see above) and one silver in the 1932 team event.

World Championships

Most titles (rider)
Two riders have won three world titles: Bruce Davidson (U.S.), individual title in 1974 and 1978, team title in 1974; and Virginia Leng (Great Britian) individual in 1986 and team in 1982 and 1986. Davidson is the only rider to have won two individual championships.

Most titles (country)
Great Britain has won the team title a record three times, 1970, 1982, and 1986. The United States won the team event in 1974.

Equestrian Events: Dressage

Olympic Games

Most gold medals (rider)
Reiner Klimke (W. Germany) has won six gold medals; one individual in 1984, and five team in 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, and 1988. Henri St. Cyr (Sweden) is the only rider to have won two individual titles in 1952 and 1956. Two riders have won the individual title on two occasions: Henri St. Cyr (Sweden), 1952 and 1956.

Most gold medals (horse)
Rembrandt was ridden by Nicole Uphoff in all four of her medal winning rounds-- two individual titles and two team titles, both in 1988 and 1992.

Most medals (rider)
Reiner Klimke won either medals: six gold (see above), and two bronze in the individual event in 1968 and 1976.

World Titles

Most titles (rider)
Reiner Klimke (West Germany) is the only rider to have won two individual titles, on Mehmed in 1974 and on Ahlerich in 1982.

Most titles (country)
West Germany has won six times: 1996, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1086, 1990.

Equestian Events: Carriage Driving

World Championships

Most titles (driver)
The most World Championships titles is two, achieved by three drivers: Gyorgy Bardos (Hungary), 1978 and 1980; Tjeerd Velstra (Netherlands) 1982 and 1986; and Ijsbrand Chardon (Netherlands), 1988 and 1992.

Most titles (country)
The record for the most titles it three, achieved by Great Britain, 1972, 1974, 1980; Hungary, 1976, 1978, 1984; and Netherlands, 1982, 1986, 1988.

Big Plays

Most animals in a hitch
Willard McWilliams of Navan, Ontario, Canada drove 50 horses in a single hitch at the 50th Navan Fair on August 13, 1995. The lead horses were on reins 168 feet long.
Floyd Zopfi of Stratford, WI has diven 52 llamas in a hitch on seven occaisions since 1990, with the lead llamas on 150-foot reins.

Largest horse-drawn procession
The longest horse-drawn procession was a cavalcade of 68 carriages that measured 3,018 feet "nose to tail", organized by the Spies Traveling Company of Denmark on May 7, 1986. It carried 810 people through the woods around Copenhagen to celebrate the coming of spring.

Equestrian Events: Polo

World Championships

Most titles
The record for the most Polo World Championship titles is two, by Argentina in Buenos Aires, 1987; and in Chile, 1992.

Scoring/Handicap

Highest scoring game
The highest aggregate number of goals scored in an international match is 30, when Argentina beat the U.S. 21-9 at the Meadow Brook Club, Westbury, NY, in September 1936.

Highest Handicap
Polo players are assigned handicaps based on their skill, with 10 handicap being the highest level of play. Only 56 players have been awarded the 10-goal handicap.

40-goal games
There have only been three games staged between two 40-goal handicap teams. These games were staged in Argentina in 1975, the United States in 1990, and Australia in 1991.

Big plays

Most chukkas
The greatest number of chukkas played on one ground in a day is 43. This was achieved by the Pony Club in Kirtlington Park, England, on July 31, 1991.

Equestrian Events: Rodeo

World Championships (PRCA)

Most titles (overall)
Jim Shoulders has won 16 Rodeo World Championships evens: All-around, 1949, 1956-59; bareback riding, 1950, 1956-58; bull riding, 1951, 1954-59.

Saddle Bronc riding
Casey Tibbs won six saddle bronc titles, in 1949, 1951-75, and 1959.

Bareback riding
Two cowboys have won five titles: Joe Alexander, 1971-75; and Bruce Ford, 1979-80, 1982-83, 1987.

Bull Riding
Don Gay has won eight bullriding titles: 1975-81 and 1984.

Calf Roping
Dean Oliver has won eight titles: 1955, 1958, 1960-64, and 1969.

Steer Roping
Guy Allen has won 11 titles; 1977, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1991-96.

Steer Wrestling
Homer Pettigrew has won six titles: 1940, 1942-45 and 1948.

Team Roping
The team of Jake Barnes and Clay O'Brien Cooper has won seven titles, 1985-89, 1992, and 1994.

Barrel Racing
Charmayne James has won 10 Wold Championship titles, all on the great horse Scamper. He is now retired.

Oldest World Champion
Ike Rudewon the 1953 steer roping title at the age of 59 to become the oldest Rodeo titleholder.

Oldest World Champion
The youngest winner of a world title is Anne Lewis, who won the WPRA (Women's Pro Rodeo Assn.) barrel racing title in 1968 at 10 years of age. Ty Murry, 20, became the youngest cowboy to win the PRCA World Champion All-Around Cowboy title in 1989.

Riding Records


Bull Riding
Wade Leslie scored a perfect 100 points riding Wolfman Skoal at Central Point, OR, in 1991.
Saddle Bronc Riding
Two riders have scored 95 points: Doug Vold, riding Transport, in Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada in 1979; and Glen O'Neil, riding Skoal's Airwolf, in Innisfail, Alberta, Canada in June 1996.
Bareback Riding
Joe Alexander scored 93 points Marlboro in Cheyenne, WY in 1974.

Fastest Times

Calf Roping
The fastest time in this event is 5.7 seconds, by Lee Philips in Assinobia, Saskatchwan, Canada in 1978.
Steer Wrestling
Without a barrier, the fastest time is 2.2 seconds by Oral Zumwalt in the 1930s. With a barrier, the record time is 2.4 seconrds, achieved by three cowboys: Jim Bynum, Marietta, OK, 1955; Gene Melton, Pecatonia, IL, 1976; and Carl Deaton, Tulsa, OK, 1976.

Team Roping
the team of Bob Harris and Tee woolman performed this feat in a record 3.7 seconds in Spanish Fork, UT in 1986.

Steer Roping
The fastest time in this event is 8.1 seconds, by Guy Allen in Coffeyville, KS, in 1996.

Highest Earnings

Career
Roy Cooper holds the career PRCA earnings mark at $1,742,278, 1976-96.

Season
The single-season PRCA mark is $297,896 by Ty Murray in 1993.

Big Plays

Texas skips
Vince Bruce (U.S.) performed 4,001 Texas skips (jumping back and forth through a large verticle spun hoop) on July 22, 1991 in New York City.

Largest loop
Kalvin Cook spun a 95-foot loop in Las Vegas, NV on March 27, 1994.

Equestrian Events: Harness Racing

Horses (Trotters)

Most victories (career)
Goldsmith Maid won an all-time record 350 races (including dashes and heats) from 1864 through 1877.

Most victories (season)
Make Believe won a record 53 races in 1949.

Highest Earnings (career)
The greatest career earnings for any harness horse is $4,907,307, by Peace Corps, 1988-93.

Highest earnings (season)
The single-season record for a trotter is $1,610,608, by Prakas in 1985.

Highest earnings (race)
The richest race in the trotting calendar is the Hambletonian. The richest Hambletonian was the 1992 event, with a total purse of $1,380,000. The record first-place prize was $673,000 for the 1990 race, won by Harmonious.

Horses (Pacers)

Most victories (career)
Single G won 262 races (including dashes and heats), 1918-26.

Most victories (season)
Victory Hy won a record 65 races in 1950.

Highest earnings (career)
The all-time earnings record for a pacer is $3,225,653, by Nihilator, 1984-85.

Highest earnings (season)
The season record for a pacer is $2,264,714, by Cam's Card Shark in 1994.

Highest earnings (race)
The richest race in harness racing history was the 1984 Woodrow Wilson, which carried a total purse of $2,161,000. The winner, Nihilator, earned $1,080,500.

Drivers

Most wins (carrer)
Herve Filion (Canada) had won 14,783 harness races as of Feb. 25, 1997.

Most wins (season)
Tony Morgan won a record 853 races in 1996.

Most wins (day)
Mike Lachance won 12 races at Yonkers Raceway, NY on June 23, 1987.

Highest Earnings (career)
John Campbell has won a career record $147,101,299 in prize money, 1972- Feb. 25, 1997.

Highest Earnings (season)
John Campbell won a season record $11,620,878 in 543 races in 1990.

Oldest winning driver
Eighty-three-year-old George McCandless of Vineland, NJ, guided Kehm's Scooter to victory at Freehold Raceway in 1994.

 

 

 

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